Bone morphogenic protein is an isolated protein that induces specific cells in our body (like stem cells) to form new cartilage and bone. During surgery, the BMP is soaked onto and binds with a collagen sponge. The sponge is then designed to resorb, or disappear, over time. As the sponge dissolves, the bone morphogenic protein stimulates the cells to produce new bone. The BMP also goes away once it has completed its task of jump starting the normal bone healing process.
Grafting with bone morphogenic protein is considered when a significant area of bone growth is needed like with ridge augmentation or a sinus lift.
Dr. Pashkowsky would be happy to discuss all grafting options with you at the time of consultation.